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Executive

Cyprus is an independent, sovereign Republic with a presidential system of government. Under the 1960 Constitution, executive power is vested in the President of the Republic, elected by universal suffrage to a five-year term of office.

The President of the Republic

The executive power exercised by the President inter alia consists of matters such as:

■ determining the design and colour of the flag of the Republic;
■ creation or establishment of the honours of the Republic;
■ appointment of the members of the Council of Ministers;
■ promulgation by publication in the official Gazette of the Republic of the decisions of the Council of Ministers;
■ promulgation by publication in the official Gazette of the Republic of any law or decision passed by the House of Representatives;
■ institution of compulsory military service;
■ reduction or increase of the security forces;
■ convening the meetings of the Council of Ministers, presiding at such meetings and taking part in the discussions thereat without any right to vote;
■ preparing the agenda of such meetings;
■ right of final veto on decisions of the Council of Ministers concerning foreign affairs, defence or security;
■ right of final veto on laws or decisions of the House of Representatives concerning foreign affairs, defence or security ;
■ right of return of decisions of the Council of Ministers;
■ right of final veto on laws or decisions of the House of Representatives concerning foreign affairs, defence or security;
■ right of return of laws or decisions of the House of Representatives or of the Budget;
■ right of recourse to the Supreme Constitutional Court;
■ right of reference to the Supreme Constitutional Court.

The President exercises executive power through a Council of Ministers appointed by him. The Ministers may be chosen from outside the House of Representatives.

The information is provided by the Press and Information Office of the Republic of Cyprus.

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